A long story here – short version is that the pro-independence Scottish National Party (SNP) last year won an overall majority in the relatively new Scottish parliament. So at some point before 2016 when the next election is due, they have the right to legislate for an independence (or something like it) vote. Seems they have now decided on Fall 2014 to be the scheduled time. All the usual shenanigans going on re what the question will be and how the situation will be positioned (familiar to all Canadians who have gone through decades of the same with respect to Quebec independence). Seems as though there is a fairly solid anti-independence majority, but that doesn't mean that strange things can't happen between now and 2014. If you want to read about Scottish "Devo-Max" (a legislative issue rather than a Mel Gibson character!) and related political issues, it is all explained here:http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-13326310Good luck to future historians trying to explain the intricacies!