This would be an excellent podcast. Jamie, specifically regarding this subject (and also all of the sciences and mathematical arts), I recommend picking up The Beginnings of Western Science: The European Scientific Tradition in Philosophical, Religious, and Institutional Context, Prehistory to A.D. 1450 by David C. Lindberg. It's a very thorough read and will give you an excellent primer on the emergence of scientific thought and study before the Renaissance. It definitely does a great job at dispelling the modern myth that the Middle Ages were a “dark age” of primitive reason and thought.And yes, Galen's theories and observations were considered the go-to info concerning anatomy and medical thought. Since it was considered no-bueno to operate on cadavers for the most part, medical theorists had to rely upon Galen's comparitive animal anatomical research. As far as medicine was concerned, Hippocrates was generally the go-to guy. He had some fascinating theories that kept on even until the latter 19th century, like blood-letting. I look forward to this podcast. This was something that I studied deeply in college!